openssl command-line tool can be used as a generic TLS/SSL client which connects to a remote host using TLS/SSL.
It's Windows version can be downloaded at http://www.slproweb.com/products/Win32OpenSSL.html.
More details could be received using the -msg and -debug options.
The detailed description of this mode can be found at https://www.openssl.org/docs/manmaster/man1/s_client.html.
This article provides a detailed explanation of the TLS/SSL protocol, specifically the handshake protocol, its associated messages and alerts, and the record protocol.